Basics of Interior Designing and Interior Decoration

When it comes to designing, no mortal is without an idea how to design their own home, however little that may be. So even if you hire a pro interior designer, you must know the basics of interior design and what they encompass.

Five basic elements are involved to make the basic sketch of any form of designing. They are- color, form, line, mass, texture. Each one has its own attribute and together they create a rhythmic effect in the creation that reflects on our minds as well. Here in this post, I am going to give you a good understanding of some of the basics of interior designing and interior decoration.

Just as atoms are building blocks of matter, so are these elements for the room. Once we have identified the elements, the next step to chalk out is to compose them into a definite pattern. It may not be a symmetrical one but there is a strange rhythm even in asymmetrical patterns. Again, the composition is broken down to five basic components.

Basics of Interior Designing and Interior Decoration

Be it artists, whether painters, sculptors, architects, or interior designers, all of them keep the basic sketch pinned to these;

  • Color- reflects the mood and can be played well to create an illusionistic effect.
  • Form- the way the room will be designed, in other words, an overall outlook of the room
  • Line- boundary of each object in the room. Put a bit of concentration on the limits and breaks in the continuum in the room. The breaks help to provide a visual relief before moving on to the rhythm.
  • Mass- determines how much space the object occupies in the room and whether it is needed at all in that particular room.
  • Texture- the feel, the effect the matter or the object has in the room.

But these five elements alone aren’t enough to generate a successful design. Five components of composition round out the list of designer’s terms:

Focal point

Also known as the ‘home base’, this is the point around which the vision of the person is based — a “home base.”

Scale and proportion

These are two prerequisites for buying furniture. Scale refers to overall size, while proportion relates the size of each part to the whole.

Harmony and unity

The items in the room are to be arranged in such a manner that they, as mentioned above, create a rhythm and a kind of harmony vibrates from the same. This is particularly achieved when similar elements are garlanded together. Unity, on the other hand, is the point to be emphasized on to see whether the items look good together, an image of one as a whole has been achieved or not. With the addition of each new item, chances are that the unity may be disturbed. This should never happen.


This is related to the coloring of the room and choice of items in sync with the color. Contrast places opposites side by side, such as black and white or hard and soft- this is what contrast is, basically. The challenge is to balance contrast, so that a sense of unity is maintained overall. It should be remembered that contrasts should not be overdone in hope of creating a dramatic effect in the room; it will end up disrupting the harmony. It is best to add contrast in small amounts.


All the rooms should not alike, that just kills the very idea of interior design. Experiment with variety in the same room. The total effect would be that each room you enter will be an experience and your mood will be lifted up immediately

Over to you

Keeping all these in mind, a perfect balance has to be struck between these components and elements to give a room its best outfit which would have a lasting effect, at least a year or two before the human mind feels the need to change it! Now as you know about the basics of interior designing, i am sure you are good to go.

If you are planning to renovate your home and searching for a professional Interior designer who could offer consultancy and execute your interior designing assignments then you are welcome to use ServiceSutra to compare and hire best interior designers in town without any hassle.

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